Tue 20 Feb 2018  
Land Ports Authority of India
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Genesis
  • India has an over 15000 KM long international land border with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. There are several designated entry and exit points for cross border movement of persons, goods and vehicles. Existing infrastructure for discharge of various sovereign functions at these points is neither adequate nor coordinated. No single agency is responsible for coordination of various Government functions including those of Security, Immigration, Customs, Plant & Animal Quarantine etc., as also for the provision of support facilities such as warehousing, parking, banking, foreign exchange bureau among others.
  • Concerned at inadequate infrastructure for cross border movement of persons, vehicles and goods, Committee of Secretaries in 2003 recommended setting up of Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) at major entry points on India’s land borders which would house all the regulatory agencies like Immigration, Customs, Border Security etc. together with support facilities in a single complex equipped with all modern amenities and serve as a single window facility as is prevalent at Airports and Seaports.
  • An Inter Ministerial Working Group (IMWG), comprising representative of the NSCS, Ministries of External Affairs, Finance, Commerce and Road Transport & Highways, Intelligence Bureau, SSB and State Governments, was constituted to recommend the nature and structure of an autonomous agency to undertake this task. IMWG considered various alternatives and recommended a Statutory Authority as the most suitable model for an agency to oversee and regulate construction, management and maintenance of ICPs.
  • Committee of Secretaries considered the report of the IMWG on 27.04.2005 approved the approach suggested by the IMWG and proposed setting up of the LPAI.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) approved the setting up of LPAI, in its meeting held on 23.11.2006. It also approved setting up of ICPs at 13 locations in two phases and an Empowered Steering Committee (ESC) in Department of Border Management as an interim arrangement till the LPAI came into being. 

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